cardiac electrical disturbances

cardiac electrical disturbance

An electrolyte disorder is a medical condition that some people may suffer from, and it results from an imbalance in the electrical charges that regulate the heartbeat. This leads to the appearance of symptoms of electrocardiogram on the patient, such as an acceleration of the heartbeat or a slowdown of the heartbeat, which is noticeable and annoying to the patient, and may be painful in the patient. sometimes.

What is cardiac electricity?

Issued Nervous ganglia There are electrical signals in the heart, transmitted through special nerve connections, and these nerve charges or signals are what regulate the contraction and work of the heart muscle, so that the atria contract first and are followed by the contraction of the ventricles after the electrical signal reaches them. Accordingly, the normal heartbeat is regulated to range between 60 to 100 beats per minute, but if the pulse rate exceeds 100 beats per minute, this is described as tachycardia, which means there is an increase in electricity in the heart, and if it is less than 60 beats per minute, it is called bradycardia, and this can be detected by ECG.

 That is, the occurrence of any defect in these nodes or in the connections that carry charges is reflected in the heart rate, which is called an electrical disturbance in the heart.

What is the cause of cardiac electrical disturbance?

 There are many causes of electrolyte disturbances in the heart. There are several factors that help a person suffer from electrolyte disturbances in the heart, the most common of which are:

  • If the person suffers from high blood pressure and is not adherent to treatment.
  • If the patient suffers from cardiomyopathy, or any other heart disease such as coronary artery disease
  • Heart valve defect.
  • Suffering from low blood pressure.
  • Suffering from an autoimmune disease may be a strong reason for developing a heart electrical disorder.
  • Anemia occurs because the lack of oxygen ischemia of the heart leads to an accelerated pulse.
  • Thyroid secretion disorders.
  • Constant exposure to anxiety and stress.
  • Some medications may cause electrical disturbances in the heart.
  • This electrical disturbance may be a side effect after open heart surgery.
  • Smoking excessively and drinking alcohol.
  •  Excessive drinking of caffeine.
  •  Excessive exercise.
  •  Genetic mutations may be one of the reasons that trigger the appearance of electrocardiogram.
  • Imbalance in the proportion of potassium, sodium and magnesium in the blood.
  • Heart attack.

ASymptoms of cardiac electrical disturbance

 Symptoms of cardiac electrolyte imbalance may be minor, so the patient does not care about them and does not bother him, and therefore he does not complain about them and they are discovered during routine examinations, or they may be severe symptoms and cause pain to the patient and a noticeable irregular heartbeat, which prompts him to be examined and conduct medical examinations.

 The most important symptoms of electrocardiogram are the following:

  • The patient suffers from a slow heartbeat or a very rapid heartbeat, and some may complain of heart fluttering.
  • The patient may suffer from chest pain and shortness of breath.
  • Fainting and feeling exhausted despite not making any effort.
  • Sweating and feeling dizzy.
  • Symptoms may include feelings of anxiety.

When is electrocardiogram dangerous?

Not all cases of electrical heart symptoms are considered serious, but many cases can live with this health condition under the supervision of a doctor, by following the appropriate instructions to prevent the condition from worsening. However, if the symptoms are strong, this requires immediate follow-up and examination in order to make a proper diagnosis and determine the appropriate treatment. For the case.

An electrical disturbance in the heart may pose a risk if the person already suffers from one of the following diseases:

  • If the patient suffers from diabetes, obesity, or high blood pressure.
  • He has a high level of cholesterol.
  • Smoking.
  • Excessive alcohol consumption.
  •  Take drugs

Complications of cardiac electrical disorder

Cardiac electrical disturbances and the irregular heartbeat they cause may result in serious complications if not treated properly, and these complications include:

  •  Heart failure
  • Stroke is a result of atrial fibrillation, where the heart fails to pump blood to the rest of the body’s organs, and thus the brain does not receive enough blood to nourish it.
  • Cardiac arrest.

How can the symptoms of electrocardiogram be diagnosed?

 In the event of feeling an irregular heartbeat or any of the symptoms mentioned above, the patient must initiate an examination and undergo an examination by a specialist doctor in order to determine the cause of the problem he is suffering from and avoid its aggravation. Heart problems require correct and early treatment in order to control and treat them, and in In the case of an electrical disturbance in the heart after undergoing a clinical examination, the doctor may ask the patient to perform some tests, including:

  • Electrocardiogram.
  • Performing ultrasound waves on the heart to examine the heart muscle, rule out heart valve disease, and note the regularity of heart movement.
  • The doctor may ask the patient to wear a Holter monitor, which is a device that shows an electrocardiogram for 24 or 48 hours, so that it shows the movement and activity of the heart during normal daily activity.
  • Conducting thyroid tests, lupus tests, and anemia, lipids, and cholesterol in the blood.

What is the treatment for cardiac electrical disorder?

Treatment depends on the strength of the symptoms and the type of effect caused by the electricity in the heart. It differs in the case of Tachycardia compared to Bradycardia. It is possible to start taking some medications and treatments that help regulate and straighten the heartbeat, but if the patient does not respond to drug treatment If the symptoms are severe, the doctor is forced to intervene with catheterization or surgery, such as:

  •   Installing a pacemaker for the patient in case the heartbeat is slow.
  •  Intervention using a catheter to cause scars in the heart, which helps in blocking abnormal electrical signals. This is done by using thermal cauterization of those spots through the tip of the catheter tube.
  • Maze surgery is a surgical procedure that aims to make some incisions in the upper half of the heart in the atria area, thus blocking some of the abnormal and stray electrical impulses that cause atrial fibrillation, and this would help in regularizing the heartbeat.

How can electrocardiogram be prevented?

There are some tips that adherence to will help reduce the chances of developing electrocution, including:

  • practice Exercises Exercise regularly and do not overdo it.
  • Avoid obesity, maintain weight, and keep cholesterol levels low.
  • Avoid drinking alcohol and smoking.
  •  Do not drink excessive amounts of caffeine or stimulants, as they stimulate symptoms of increased cardiac electrical activity.
  • Eat healthy, beneficial foods, especially those that support heart health.
  • Stay away from anxiety and stress as much as possible.
  •  Commitment to taking medication in case of high blood pressure.
  • Do not take any drug except under the supervision of a doctor.

Through the symptoms and practices mentioned above, if you feel chest pain and heart palpitations and suspect that you may have signs or symptoms of electrocardiogram, we advise you to contact the Mr Dr. Muhammad Ali Al-Ghannam is a professor and consultant Heart and chest surgeries، You can book online, or contact the clinic’s mobile phone at 01211979117.

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